Basic Computer Maintenance

Keeping your Mac or PC running at its optimal performance is not difficult and a small amount of effort can go a long way. Macs and PCs may operate quite differently, but the tenets of basic maintenance remain the same virtually on any platform. 


They certainly have a habit of presenting themselves when it's most inconvenient—but they're important! OS updates, Service Packs, and security updates all patch security holes found since the software you're running was installed.

Windows MacOS Flash, Microsoft Office, and Adobe CC Android
Notifies you when updates are ready to be downloaded or installed. You will usually need to reboot for the updates to complete because Windows needs to update files being used to run Windows itself. You can usually get to Windows Update from the top of your Start Menu after you click on All Programs.


For Windows users, an antivirus software is necessary for maintaining a clean and functional system. Fortunately, there is an abundance of quality anti-virus applications for you to choose from. Keep in mind that the definitions—what the application uses to identify what is a virus and what isn't—need to be kept up to date. Most applications will do this for you, but it's best to check once in a while.


Because anti-virus applications are so important, and everyone knows that these days, rogue malware developers prey upon that fact. Web pop-ups, purporting to be doing a live scan of your computer, and reporting that you have a number of viruses are common while visiting less reputable sites. This is a lie. Do not be fooled. Always do an Internet search on the name of an anti-virus application to verify its authenticity.

Clearing Out the Junk

Malware and adware are some of the biggest problems affecting computer users today. Keep in mind that malware is not the same as viruses, which is why there’s a difference between antivirus software and anti-malware software. For your anti-malware needs read our guide on Removing Spyware and Malware from your computer.

A lot of trouble can be saved by protecting yourself before anything bad happens. As you use your computer, all kinds of temporary files, cookies, and caches build up. These are not inherently bad but can slow down your computer.

  • For WindowsCCleaner is a popular option, as it automates most of the cleaning work for you.
  • Mac users can use MalwareBytes, which works much the same as CCleaner, and offers a similar level of automation as well as advanced operations, depending on the user's preferences.

In addition to the above tools, Mac users can do some of the most basic upkeep without additional software.

  • You can find a fantastic tool inside your Applications > Utilities folder called Disk Utility. In addition to monitoring the overall health of your hard drive, you can utilize Disk Utility to verify/repair your disk if things start to act funny. 
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